Stem Cells

Stem Cells Application

Stem cells are ubiquitous, pluripotent and primitive cells having capacity to self renew and multilineage differentiation. Types Embryonic stem cells: originate from the inner cell mass of the blastocyst. Adult stem cells: originate during ontogeny and maintain tissue homeostasis. Induced pluripotent stem cells: originate from somatic differentiated cells after transduction. Sources Resident stem cells: present …

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Metastasis of Malignant tumors

Metastasis is the spread of tumors by invasion so that discontinuous secondary tumors are formed at the site of lodgement. This is the characteristic by which malignancy is different from benign tumors because benign tumors do not metastasise. Malignancy of Cancers spread to distant sites through the following pathways: Lymphatic pathway: Generally carcinoma metastasize through …

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HEPATIC CIRRHOSIS Cirrhosis is an advanced stage of liver damage which severely decreases patients’ quality of life. Here, healthy liver cells get replaced with scar tissue which severely damage the liver. The job of the scar tissue is to block the blood flow through the liver and decrease the ability of the liver to process …


Chronic Kidney Disease

Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time if kidney damage progresses slowly. Loss of kidney function can cause a buildup of fluid or body waste or electrolyte problems. Depending on how severe it is, loss of kidney function can cause: NauseaVomitingLoss of appetiteFatigue and weaknessSleep problemsUrinating more or lessDecreased mental sharpnessMuscle crampsSwelling …

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